India’s Parliament is the cornerstone of the country’s democratic governance, serving as a platform for discourse, debate, and decision-making. The recently constructed newIndia’s New Parliament in New Delhi stands as a symbol of India’s commitment to its democratic ideals. In this article, we will delve into 20 important things you must know about India’s new Parliament, shedding light on its significance, structure, functions, and more.
1. Introduction to India’s New Parliament
India’s new Parliament building is a majestic edifice that embodies the nation’s democratic spirit. It replaces the existing Parliament House, which has been functioning for over nine decades. The new building is a testament to India’s progress and aims to provide a modern and technologically advanced space for lawmakers.
2. Importance and significance of the New Parliament
The new Parliament holds immense importance as the primary legislative institution of India. It is the forum where elected representatives come together to discuss and enact laws, shape policies, and scrutinize the government’s actions. The new building is expected to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of parliamentary proceedings.
3. Historical background of India’s New Parliament
India’s Parliament has a rich historical legacy. The first Parliament, known as the Constituent Assembly, was formed in 1946 to draft and adopt the Indian Constitution. It was later transformed into the Parliament of India, comprising the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).
4. Design and architecture of the New Parliament building
The new Parliament building is a marvel of architectural brilliance. Designed by renowned architect Bimal Patel, it blends modernity with traditional Indian architectural elements. The circular shape symbolizes inclusiveness and encourages collaborative decision-making, while the grand central courtyard serves as a vibrant meeting point.
5. Key features and facilities in the ew Parliament building
The new Parliament building boasts state-of-the-art facilities to cater to the evolving needs of lawmakers. It incorporates advanced audio-visual systems, comfortable seating arrangements, and digital infrastructure to support paperless proceedings. Additionally, it provides modern amenities for members, such as well-equipped offices, libraries, and research facilities.
6. The Lok Sabha: Lower House of Parliament
The Lok Sabha, also known as the House of the People, is a crucial component of India’s new Parliament. It represents the aspirations and voices of the citizens through their elected representatives. Let’s explore the role, composition, and powers of the Lok Sabha.
- Role and functions: The Lok Sabha plays a pivotal role in the legislative process. It discusses and deliberates on bills, proposes amendments, and approves the budget. It also holds the government accountable through question hour, debates, and discussions on important issues affecting the nation.
- Composition and members: The Lok Sabha consists of members elected directly by the people. The total number of seats is determined based on population and is subject to periodic readjustment. Members represent various constituencies across the country and are elected through a democratic voting process.
- Powers and responsibilities: The Lok Sabha has the power to initiate and pass bills related to finance, budget, and legislative matters. It exercises control over the executive by scrutinizing its actions, questioning ministers, and voting on policies. The Lok Sabha elects the Prime Minister and is responsible for forming the government.
7. The Rajya Sabha: Upper House of Parliament
The Rajya Sabha, or the Council of States, complements the Lok Sabha in the legislative process. Let’s delve into the role, composition, and powers of the Rajya Sabha.
- Role and functions: The Rajya Sabha provides a platform for states and union territories to have a voice in the legislative process. It plays a crucial role in reviewing and revising bills passed by the Lok Sabha, ensuring comprehensive deliberation and representation. It also acts as a stabilizing influence on the legislative process, offering a long-term perspective.
- Composition and members: The Rajya Sabha comprises members who are indirectly elected by the elected members of State Legislative Assemblies. The President of India nominates a few members with expertise in specific fields, such as arts, sciences, literature, or social services. The total number of members in the Rajya Sabha is fixed, allowing for continuity and stability.
- Powers and responsibilities: The Rajya Sabha has the power to initiate and pass bills related to areas under the concurrent list, which covers subjects of shared responsibility between the central and state governments. It provides a forum for in-depth discussions on national issues, ensuring a comprehensive legislative process.
8. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Chairman of the Rajya Sabha
The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha are presided over by the Speaker and the Chairman, respectively. Let’s understand their roles and responsibilities.
- Roles and responsibilities: The Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are responsible for maintaining order and decorum during the proceedings. They ensure fair and impartial conduct of discussions, decide on points of order, and uphold the parliamentary rules and procedures. They represent the respective Houses and act as a bridge between the legislature and the executive.
9. Legislative process in the new Parliament
The legislative process in India’s new Parliament is a structured framework that facilitates the enactment of laws. Let’s explore the key elements of this process.
- Introduction and passing of bills: Bills can be introduced in either House of Parliament. They undergo a series of readings, discussions, and debates before they are put to a vote. If a bill is approved by both Houses, it is sent for the President’s assent and becomes law.
- Committees and their significance: Parliamentary committees play a crucial role in examining bills, conducting inquiries, and scrutinizing the government’s actions. They provide a platform for detailed examination and expert opinions, ensuring comprehensive decision-making.
- Question Hour and debates: Question Hour is a significant aspect of parliamentary proceedings. Members.