Operation Kaveri was a bold move by the Indian government to address the growing water crisis in the country. This blog explores the significance of this operation and the challenges it faces in ensuring India’s water security.
India, the second-most populous country in the world, faces a severe water crisis. According by NITI Aayog, many cities in India, including Delhi, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad. It will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting 100 million people. This alarming situation has forced the Indian government to take measures to address the water crisis. One of the significant steps taken by the government is Operation Kaveri.
Operation Kaveri is launched by:
Operation Kaveri is a flagship program launched by the Indian government in 2018. It is addressing the water crisis in the Cauvery River basin. The Cauvery River, one of the major rivers in southern India, provides water to four Indian states- Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Puducherry. The river has been a subject of conflict between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu for decades. The water-sharing dispute has often resulted in violence, protests, and strikes in both states.
Operation Kaveri aims to address this conflict by ensuring equitable distribution of water to all states in the Cauvery River basin. The program has three main objectives- restoration of water bodies, rejuvenation of rivers. It is creating a sustainable water supply for all states in the basin. The program has allocated a budget of INR 3000 crore ($400 million) for a period of five years.
The restoration of water bodies is one of the primary objectives of Operation Kaveri. The program aims to rejuvenate 28,000 water bodies in the Cauvery River basin. The restoration of water bodies is essential for recharging groundwater and improving the water availability in the region. The program has already initiated the restoration of 22,000 water bodies, and the remaining work is in progress.
The second objective of Operation Kaveri
It is to rejuvenate rivers. The program aims to undertake the river rejuvenation process by setting up sewage treatment plants, afforestation, and rainwater harvesting. The river rejuvenation process is crucial for maintaining the ecological balance in the region and ensuring a sustainable water supply.
The third objective of Operation Kaveri is to create a sustainable water. It is supply for all states in the Cauvery River basin. The program aims to provide a 24×7 water supply to urban areas and a sustainable water supply to rural areas. The program also emphasizes the importance of water conservation and encourages people to adopt rainwater harvesting.
Important steps for Operation Kaveri
Operation Kaveri is a significant step by the Indian government towards addressing the water crisis in the country. However, the program faces several challenges. One of the significant challenges is the lack of political will. It will cooperation among the states in the Cauvery River basin. The water-sharing dispute between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is still unresolved, and the lack of cooperation between the states can hinder the implementation of the program.
Another challenge faced by Operation Kaveri is the lack of adequate funding. The program has allocated a budget of INR 3000 crore, which may not be sufficient to achieve the program’s objectives. The program also faces challenges in implementing the river rejuvenation process. Due to the lack of cooperation from industries and urban areas.
In conclusion, Operation Kaveri is a bold move by the Indian government towards addressing the water crisis in the country. The program aims to ensure equitable distribution of water to all states in the Cauvery River basin. It creates a sustainable water supply for the region. The program faces several challenges, including political will, lack of cooperation, and inadequate funding.